Middlesbrough is located near the mouth of the River Tees in North Yorkshire, approximately 252 miles north of London and 38 miles south of Newcastle.
The town has a population of around 144,800. Administratively it is within the Borough of Middlesbrough which covers an area of approximately 54 sq kms.
It is an industrial town formerly renowned for its iron industry and docks which grew rapidly during the 19th-century. Now a thriving commercial and retail centre with good leisure and entertainment facilities, it is also a university city. Its most notable landmark is the Transporter Bridge which spans the river, opened in 1911 it is one of only two remaining in Britain.
The town's history dates from 686 when a monastic cell was consecrated by St Cuthbert at the request of St Hilda, Abbess of Whitby. The church was maintained by 12 Benedictine monks until the time of the dissolution of the monasteries during the 16th century. The town's development came during the latter half of the 19th century, firstly as a port for coal, and then with the discovery of ironstone nearby. An iron foundry and rolling mill were built. In the space of a century, Middlesborough grew from just a handful of people to a town with a population on 90,000 by 1890, with Municipal Borough status. Amongst other notable bridges, the 1932 Sydney Harbour Bridge was designed and built here.
Historically the town's economy was based upon iron. Today, it is based on chemical, fertiliser, iron and steel production. There are also new design and media businesses, e-business and e-commerce. Recent entrepreneurial success stories: Green Tyre Company, McCoys Purple Onion restaurant, Brambles sandwiches, Psyche clothing and Bulkhaul International Haulage.
The name Middlesbrough has evolved from its earliest recorded form "Mydilsburgh"; the element 'burgh' denotes an ancient fort or settlement of pre-Saxon origin. The burgh may have included a monastic cell and was probably situated on the elevated land where the Victorian church of St Hildas (demolished in 1969) was later built. The 'Mydil' or middle could be either a person's name or a reference to Middlesbrough's location, half way between the great Christian centres of Durham and Whitby.
Middlesbrough, in the north-east of England, has an almost unique bridge crossing the River Tees. The bridge is beautiful and an apt symbol for the to....